Maryland state laws on dating dating liebreiz

While the earlier law only implied that Christianity could not enfranchise a black, the 1671 law was less equivocal.

Observing that many planters were reluctant to see to the religious instruction of their slaves for fear of losing them upon their baptism and lamenting the reluctance of many to import new slaves for the same reason, the Assembly declared that baptism could in no way effect a black slave's status. In 1678, the Lords of Trade, apparently disturbed at the Assembly's departure from English law in allowing enslavement of Christians, called upon Charles Calvert, Lord Baltimore, to account for the law.

Nevertheless the wording of a 1681 law pertaining to the settlement of orphans' estates presumed that slaves were chattels.

More recent work by Russell Menard has shown convincingly that on Maryland's lower Western Shore, black males far outnumbered black females until well into the eighteenth century.

But, we have also seen evidence in the early tax laws and inventories that at least some black women were present in Maryland before 1664.

It did not distinguish between free blacks and slave, thereby firmly establishing in law the presumption that all blacks were slaves.

Nor did it incorporate religious exceptions because, as we have seen, the law's major purpose was to clear the way for holding black Christians in perpetual bondage.

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The second provision specified the inheritability of the slave status by paternal descent.

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